I love trekking.
For me, this is the only way to do real exercise during my long-term travels, besides disconnecting from blogging, social media and the world in general.
That’s why during my 2-month journey through Kyrgyzstan, a country with 90% of its land above 1,500 meters, trekking in the mountains was no exception.
From endless high altitude alpine lakes to dreamy meadows filled with hundreds of wildflowers, breathtaking 7,000-meter peaks, and huge landscape contrasts, Kyrgyzstan is home to some of the most beautiful scenery I’ve ever seen.
Moreover, the Kyrgyzstan mountains are very accessible and, thanks to the very visible nomadic life, you can get a warm meal above 3,000 meters, at the most unexpected times.
Kyrgyzstan is the ultimate trekking destination.
The following Kyrgyzstan trekking guide aims to provide you with useful and insightful tips which, hopefully, will help you plan and choose the best treks in Kyrgyzstan.
Trekking in Kyrgyzstan – A beginner’s guide (includes a packing list)
What will you find in this guide:
Which trek should you do?
Travel insurance for trekking in Kyrgyzstan
Do you need a guide or not?
How much does it cost?
Additional information and tips
The ultimate packing list
For places to visit, read: Backpacking in Kyrgyzstan – 1 to 4-week itinerary
Which Kyrgyzstan trek is for you?
Kyrgyzstan is a very mountainous region, which means that there are endless trekking opportunities for any kind of trekking experience.
I consider myself an intermediate-beginner, so all my suggestions fit within this experience range.
They are all challenging, multi-day, go over 4,900 meters (maximum) and some of them require you to be self-sufficient, meaning that you should be well-equipped.
Archa Tör Pass (3-5 days)
Absolutely stunning. It goes over a 3,800-meter mountain pass, from where you get clear views of Mount Karakol.
This trek belongs to the Tien Shan range, taking Karakol town as a base.
If you don’t have many days to spend in Kyrgyzstan, this is the one I strongly recommend.
It’s gorgeous, very challenging and, most important, not many people do it, so you’ll have these mountains just to yourself.
For more information, read my full review: Trekking in Karakol – Archa Tör Pass trek.
Ala Kul Lake (3-5 days)
This is the most popular trek for anyone going to the Tien Shan mountains around Karakol.
Basically, the trek ends at an alpine lake called Ala Kul, located above 4,000 meters.
It’s also absolutely stunning but, if you only have time for one trek, I recommend Archa Tör because fewer people do it. By the way, if you wanted, you could do both treks at once, as the end of one is the beginning of the other.
Read the full review here: Trekking to Ala Kul
Kyzart to Song Kol (2-4 days)
An easy trek but very beautiful at the same time.
Most people come to Song Kul by car from Kochkor. However, I recommend coming from Kyzart (located on the other side of the lake) on foot.
It’s a perfect hike for beginners, as there are plenty of nomad camps on the way and the only ascent is a not very challenging mountain pass.
Read the full review I wrote for The Planet D: Trekking independently from Kyzart to Song Kul
Lenin Peak Base Camp (2-4 days)
Standing more than 7,000 meters above sea level, Lenin Peak is one of the most iconic mountains in Kyrgyzstan. Climbing it requires quite a lot of experience but any person can reach the base camp.
However, if you are seeking a real challenge, you can also trek to the advanced base camp (4,900 meters).
That’s what I did and it was a freaking real adventure, as the advanced base camp is located right at the bottom of a 2,300-meter ice wall, which is where you start climbing towards the peak.
Read the full review I wrote for Nomadasaurus: How to trek the Lenin Peak base camp
Trekking in the Alay Mountains
The Alay Mountains are a mountain range from southern Kyrgyzstan which extends into Tajikistan.
I would say that these are some of the most off the beaten track mountains presented in this list, so you are likely to have these mountains only by yourself.
There are two pretty brand-new treks which are worth to mention (the name of the treks is how the local people baptized them)
Best of the Alay Mountains (3-8 days) – If you want to get really deep into the Alay Mountains and see a great variety of different landscapes, this trek goes from the green pastures that characterize Kyrgyzstan to some jaw-dropping mountain scenario that make you feel you are in a different planet, with its highest pass at 4,306m.
There is a 3-day version and an 8-day version, the second one going over Jiptick Pass (4,185m), from where you get the best views ever of Lenin Peak. By the way, half of the days are spent in a tent and the other half in yurts/guesthouses.
Truly Nomadic Land (5 days) – If you want a combination of mind-blowing, velvet-smooth green mountains and authentic nomadic culture, Truly Nomadic Land may be the ideal trek for you.
Over the course of 5 days, this challenging trail goes through some very dramatic mountains which include 2 mountains passes, Airy Bell (2,956m) and Ak Tor (4,185m), yet, you stay in different yurt camps every day, which means that your nights are going to be pretty warm.
Honestly, the different nomadic camps from these remote lands of Kyrgyzstan are quite unspoiled, so different from other Kyrgyz nomads you may meet in Song Kul or Karakol.
The trails in the Alay Mountains, however, stand as the most challenging treks presented on this trekking list, so an experienced tour guide would prove quite useful here, and no one knows these mountains as much as the guys from Visit Alay, a tour company specialized in this tiny part of Kyrgyzstan.
You can read more about their trekking tours here:
Tash Rabat to Chatyr Kol (2 days)
This trail is an ancient and very important Silk Road route.
Here you will find a pretty high mountain pass (4,000 meters) but, since the trail starts at 3,500 meters, it doesn’t look that high.
It’s a relatively easy trek but very beautiful as well. Just for a change, I decided to do it on a horse.
Read my full review: Horse riding along the ancient Silk Road route of Tash Rabat
Ala Archa Ak-Sai Glacier
For those who don’t have a lot of time, yet, they want to do a tough trek in Kyrgyzstan, Ala Archa is a National Park just south of Bishkek that also offers pretty amazing landscapes.
The most popular is a trek to Ak-Sai Glacier, located at 3,3350 meters above sea level.
If you leave from Bishkek early in the morning, you can easily finish it in 2 days, 3 maximum.
Kyol Ukyok Lake (2-3 days)
This easy trek follows a trail that leads to two dreamy, cute, tiny lakes.
It’s located east of Song Kul and you start from Kochkor.
Normally, only people who have plenty of time tend to do this trek. It’s the perfect hike for beginners, as there’s a nomad camp at the lake.
Keskenkija Loop Trek in Jyrgalan
Jyrgalan is the new alternative to Karakol, a more off the beaten track place for trekking in Kyrgyzstan.
The mountains in Jyrgalan also belong to the Tien Shan range, so the landscape is pretty similar to the one around Karakol and, if you want to do a good 3-4-day trek, Keskenkija Loop trek is one of the most gorgeous ones.
The conditions and difficulty of the trek are very similar to the Archa Tör trek, meaning that they go over similar mountain passes, have the same duration and are equally stunning.
For more information, read: How to do the Keskenkija Loop trek
Travel insurance for trekking in Kyrgyzstan
You should know that anything can happen in the mountains, so having proper travel insurance is a must.
World Nomads is the one I recommend for the following reasons:
- It is the only company that offers unlimited coverage
- It covers the largest bunch of adventure activities
- Even the basic plan covers for trekking up to 6,000 meters, which is quite useful for Kyrgyzstan.
Do you need a guide for hiking in Kyrgyzstan?
That’s a good question but, instead of wondering whether you need a guide or not, just ask yourself:
Do I have camping experience?
Do I know how to cook and use a camping stove?
Do I know how to follow a trail?
Do I have adequate camping equipment?
If you’ve never done any of the above, perhaps you should hire a guide for hiking in Kyrgyzstan.
Bear in mind that the mountains here are no joke, as the weather is highly unpredictable, nights are freezing and you’ll be hiking at very high altitudes.
Furthermore, here you won’t find the crowds that you may find in the mountains of Nepal but you might be trekking alone for days.
However, you don’t really need to be a professional at all. Before trekking in Kyrgyzstan, I did some treks in Nepal, Ladakh, and Pakistan.
Not extreme hikes but just base camps and going over mountain passes.
I consider myself an intermediate with a beginner tendency.
I own a good tent and sleeping bag, know how to cook basic meals on a camping stove and can walk for hours.
I know that the amount of experience is very relative but, in the end, it will all depend on how confident you feel.
Staying in nomadic camps
However, the good news is that the mountains in Kyrgyzstan are very accessible plus there is also a very accessible nomadic life, visible everywhere, in the most unexpected places.
For just a couple of dollars, you can stay at their yurts, have a hearty soup and a filling breakfast.
In treks such as Kyzyl Art to Song Kul or Kyol Ukyok Lake, you don’t even need to bring camping equipment because you can always stay in yurts.
In the other treks, you will find nomadic camps at the beginning of the hike, at the lower altitudes.
The further you go, the more you will have to depend on yourself alone.
Permits for hiking in the Kyrgyzstan mountains
Trekking in some areas close to the Chinese and Tajik borders may require a special permit.
These areas include Chatyr Lake, Lenin Peak, Kelsuu Lake and the most eastern part of the Tien Shan range, among others.
Typically, it should be easy to obtain a permit but it may take a couple of days.
CBT (Community Based Tourism) got my permit for Chatyr Kul Lake and I am sure they can help you get other permits. Here’s their website.
For Lenin Peak, to be very honest, I didn’t get the required permit but nobody asked me for it.
Permit fees vary, depending on where you go. I paid $15 (non-urgent) for trekking to Chatyr Kul.
Just email CBT or go to any of their offices a week before you plan to go trekking.
How much does trekking in Kyrgyzstan cost?
Except for the few areas where you actually need a border permit, hiking in Kyrgyzstan is free, as the mountains are always free, unlike Nepal or Patagonia where you need to always pay an entry fee.
Therefore, if you are doing independent trekking in Kyrgyzstan and have your own camping equipment, you will only have to pay for your food.
However, if you decide to hire a guide and rent some camping equipment, here are the costs:
(Note that these are the average costs)
Tent: 150-250SOM (2.15-3.60USD) per day
Sleeping bag: 100-200SOM (1.40-2.80USD) per day
Cooking stove: 100-200SOM (1.40-2.80USD) per day
Gas: 350SOM (5USD). It lasts for 4-5 days, approximately
Important: Please note that the quality of the trekking gear is not as good as back home. Tents and sleeping bags tend to be pretty heavy and bulky and the cooking stoves are low quality. I always recommend bringing camping equipment from home.
More information below, in the packing list section.
Local Guides and porters
Local English-speaking guide: 2500KGS (35USD) per day
Horse: 900KGS (13USD) per day
Porter: 1600KGS (23USD) per day
Cook: 2300KGS (33USD) per day
Staying in a yurt costs around 10-12USD, including breakfast and dinner.
Horse trekking in Kyrgyzstan
As you may know, Kyrgyzstan is the land of horses, a key element for the survival and development of the nomadic culture.
Kyrgyz people learn how to ride a horse from the moment they start to walk and it’s actually very shocking to see 3-year old kids riding those big horses so well.
Outside of the big cities, everybody ride horses and that’s why you can’t say you have fully experienced this Central Asian country until you do some horse trekking through some of the most beautiful mountains on Earth.
You can go horse trekking anywhere in Kyrgyzstan, for as many days you want.
Actually, we met a couple who did a 7-day horse trek around the Tien Shan mountains. That’s a lot of days on a horse!
However, after the second day, they were so tired of being on a horse that they actually walked and led the animals. Just take this into consideration before deciding to go on such a long trek.
For more practical information, read: Horse trekking in Tash Rabat
More information and tips for hiking in Kyrgyzstan
CBT (Community-based-tourism) – I always recommend CBT, which is a very popular tour agency in Kyrgyzstan that can arrange any kind of trek and activity.
They have offices in each and every town and offer the most competitive prices in the country.
One of their biggest advantages versus other agencies is that, wherever you go, they will always provide you with locals guides from that specific area or region.
TUK (Trekking Union Kyrgyzstan) – They are based in Bishkek and they offer plenty of tours all the weeks, with other trekkers usually, so they are the cheapest choice.
Visit Alay (for trekking in the Alay Mountains) – If you want to get off the beaten track and discover the Alay Mountains, Visit Alay is the tour company that knows its mountains and trails at its best.
Pro-tip: Don’t book your trek in advance but wait until you actually arrive in Kyrgyzstan, as it will be much cheaper
When to go trekking in Kyrgyzstan
Kyrgyzstan is a very seasonal destination. In winter, the whole country is covered in snow, which makes it practically impossible for trekking. The season lasts from mid-June to September.
The first trek I did was during the last week of June and, at high altitudes, it was still pretty cold and one day we even got heavy snow.
The unpredictable weather
Just to let you know: summer isn’t always sunshine, birds singing and happiness.
In Kyrgyzstan, the weather can go from a beautiful sunny day to a fierce storm in a matter of seconds.
In the Tien Shan range, from 3,000 meters upwards, the weather can get extremely cold, sometimes to freezing temperatures.
Even when we were there in July, occasionally, we found our bottles frozen in the morning. One day, it started to snow so hard that we passed from walking over a green plain to trekking in the snow.
By this, I don’t want to scare you but just say that you should be prepared. We had very good equipment with us, including a good tent, a warm sleeping bag and everything we actually needed.
I hated this. In almost all the treks we did, we had to cross countless rivers. In the Archa Tör trek, we probably crossed 20 rivers, no kidding.
Some of them were easy, while in others you had to remove your shoes or even cross it on a horse.
Just keep this in mind and bring sandals and waterproof hiking boots.
Take water from the small side rivers
You should never drink water from the main river but the tributaries, as animals drink, poo and pee in it.
The ultimate packing list for hiking in Kyrgyzstan
The following list contains, mainly, all my personal trekking gear, as well as a few extra recommendations.
Get a map, starting for Maps.me or buy a physical one
If you don’t have Maps.me me yet, just download it to your phone now.
In case you don’t know what this is, maps.me is similar to Google Maps, with the main difference that it exclusively works offline and it shows trekking trails, including all trails I mentioned in the beginning.
It is free and extremely useful. Is the app I use the most.
If you prefer a physical map (it will always be more detailed), there are some very useful maps of the Tien Shan Range.
If you don’t have a good backpack, get one
Backpacks are important for both traveling and trekking.
If you want to do both, you need a backpack with the following characteristics:
- Big enough to carry all the things, including trekking supplies
- Comfortable for your back
I bought an Osprey ATMOS AG 65 (in the photo), and it was one of the best purchases ever.
This backpack has a technology that makes you feel the blag is floating on your back, making it extremely comfortable.
Moreover, Osprey offers a lifetime guarantee.
A lightweight and resistant backpacking tent
If you travel to Kyrgyzstan to do some trekking, you should get a tent with the following characteristics:
- Resistant – The weather in Kyrgyzstan is highly unpredictable
- Lightweight – You can’t really travel with a heavy tent on your back
- Packable – It has to fit in your backpack
Tents with those characteristics tend to be expensive but they are a very good investment.
Before trekking in Kyrgyzstan, I bought an MSR Freelite 2 (the one in the photo).
It is super light and we camped in very strong wind, rain, and everything and slept like babies.
If you want a different option, here you can find many different backpacking tents
Lightweight but warm sleeping bag
Another very important element, perhaps even more than a tent.
At night, temperatures may reach below zero and you don’t want to freeze, right? Furthermore, like with the tent, you don’t want to buy a 3-kilo bulky sleeping bag that takes half of your backpack.
I personally have a Kelty Cosmic 20F (5ºC), which is not the best sleeping bag ever but, at this price, you won’t find anything better.
It doesn’t weight more than a kilo and, with a thermal t-shirt and pants, I was never cold.
If you want something of a higher quality, therefore warmer, I recommend the Sea to Summit Spark SPII, which keeps you warm for down to 35F (2ºC).
A sleeping mat
Kyrgyzstan is home to lush, green meadows that are relatively comfortable to sleep on.
But it won’t be always like that.
Occasionally, we actually had to sleep on really hard surfaces and all I had was a shitty yoga mat, which made me wake up with back pain every day.
After my trip in Central, I bought a Klymit Static V2 (in the photo), which has the following characteristics:
- It’s inflatable and quite comfortable (I camped in the rocky ground of Jebel Shams in Oman and slept quite well).
- It packs really small (see in the picture)
- It weighs 463 grams only
Mine is quite budget. There are other mats that also may keep you warmer, as they insulate you from the ground. A really good one is the Sea to Summit Comfort Plus Insulated, which besides keeping you extra warm, it is also very lightweight and packable.
Camping stove multi-fuel
If you go trekking by yourself, you’ll know that camping gas is a must.
There are two kinds of camping gas: one which works with a separate gas bottle and multi-fuel.
The multi-fuel has the great advantage that it can be re-filled with any type of gas, including gasoline, white gas, or diesel.
That’s why this one is the best because you don’t have to rely on finding and buying gas bottles. I strongly recommend MSR Camping gas Multi-Fuel.
Steripen (Water purifier)
In the mountains, you won’t have bottled water and, if you don’t want to get sick in your stomach, you should always sterilize your water.
Purifying water tablets work fine also but they taste horrible and, actually, they are not that cheap.
Steripen does the exact same thing with the added benefit that it doesn’t leave the horrible taste and it lasts forever. Best purchase ever.
To be honest, I don’t have one of these but, definitely, this is going to be my next trekking gear investment.
I am actually tired of having to drink from my bottle, as I always have to stop and take it out of my bag.
CamelBak has some really cool water bags which allow you to drink water without having to stop. This way you avoid dehydration and a potential headache.
At night, there’s nothing else to do besides reading a book and, if you don’t want to carry them in your backpack, just bring a Kindle.
OK, I don’t have this but I really would like one!
For a bit of extra luxury, being able to have a good espresso at 3,500 meters, while admiring the views after waking up, is priceless.
Homgeek Coffee-maker allows you to have an espresso by just pressing with your hands. It works with ground coffee and it is not very expensive!
Thermal T-shirt Icebreaker
A thermal t-shirt is super useful as, besides warming you up, they are very lightweight so you don’t need to bring a heavy sweater that takes half of your backpack.
I strongly recommend the Icebreaker thermal t-shirts as they are also anti-bacterial, so you can wear it for days without stinking.
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