Once a hermetic country with very strict visa policies for foreigners, Uzbekistan is slowly opening its borders to show the world the majesty of what used to be the core and center of the ancient Silk Road, a country filled with impressive shrines, mosques and perfectly shaped old cities.

Uzbekistan is, by far, the most tourist-friendly country in Central Asia and an unmissable destination for sightseeing city lovers, because this is what Uzbekistan is mainly about.

However, this ex-Soviet Republic has many bureaucratic and cultural peculiarities, which you are highly recommended to know well in advance. In this Uzbekistan travel guide, we will go through all of them, so here is a list of 70 useful tips for traveling to Uzbekistan.

This article contains all the practical information. For places to visit, read my Uzbekistan 1 to 3-week itinerary

 

Uzbekistan Travel Guide

 

75 Useful tips for traveling to Uzbekistan

Here you will find:

Visa rules
Travel Insurance for Uzbekistan
Money in Uzbekistan
Border crossings and bureaucracy rules
Getting to Uzbekistan
The country, people, and their culture
A Silk Road country
Food
Accommodation
Transportation
Book for traveling in Uzbekistan
Internet and SIM Cards
More resources

 

Visa for traveling to Uzbekistan

1 – Who doesn’t need a visa – Japan, South Korea, Singapore, Israel, Indonesia, and Malaysia can get a 30-day visa on arrival.

2 – NEW July 2018 e-visa system now available! – Most Western nationalities, including European countries, the USA, Australia, Canada etc., can get their visa online without the need of going to the embassy. It only costs 20USD, it takes 2-3 working days and this is the official website.

3 – However, the system is very new and some travelers were not able to apply online – Apparently, the system has issues with some email domains, the photo format and, basically, it has quite a few bugs. Just try to apply and, please, it would be great if you could post your feedback in the comments.

4 – If the e-visa doesn’t work for you, go to the embassy – If you don’t succeed, you will have to apply through the traditional way. Note that if you hold a passport from any Latin American country, you will have to go through the embassy anyways.

5 – Most Western nationalities don’t need an LOI (except for Latin American nationalities) – This means that you can go to the embassy, present all your documents and wait for 1 week to get your visa. Typically, they just require a passport copy, 2 passport photos, your hotel reservation, and your visa application form (printed and filled out).

6 – How to get the LOI – I recommend Top Chan Hostel Tashkent, which can issue you one in a couple of days for just 42USD. Email them at [email protected].

7 – Visa fee (via embassy) ranges from 55 to 150USD – Prices vary depending on your nationality, the embassy you apply from and the length of your visa. I have a Spanish passport and paid 75USD for a 30-day visa at the embassy in Dushanbe, Tajikistan.

8 – They issue visas for up to 1 month – You can apply for a 15 or 30-day visa. Double entry is also possible but within a maximum of 30 days. 

9 – Uzbekistan visas entry & exit dates  – When you apply through the embassy, you need to state the specific days you will be traveling in Uzbekistan and you can’t modify them. This means that you can’t enter before the entry date or leave after the exit date you specified. However, if you get an e-visa, the visa is valid for 30 days within a period of 90 days, starting from the day you applied. 

For more information and details, read this post: Getting a visa for Uzbekistan

My visa for Uzbekistan

 

Travel Insurance Uzbekistan

10 – Is it safe to travel to Uzbekistan?  In the West, very little is known about this country but, since it ends with -stan and borders Afghanistan, people may associate it with negative connotations. However, Uzbekistan was recently considered one of the 20 safest destinations in the world, as it has one of the lowest crimes rates in the world, besides a high level of security, especially in the capital Tashkent. You will be totally fine, even solo female travelers!

11 – However, you should travel with proper insurance – Despite being a safe country, you should always be fully covered. For traveling to Uzbekistan, I recommend World Nomads, as it is the only travel insurance which gives you unlimited medical coverage.

Get here your free quote!

 

What you need to know about the money when traveling in Uzbekistan

12 – The Uzbek SUM is the official currency – The currency value is extremely low and, at September 2018, 1USD = 7,800UZS.

13 – Bring a spare backpack for the cash – Sometimes, whatever quantity you change, they will give you all the money in 1,000UZS notes, meaning that you will be carrying 3 kilograms of cash. It’s very inconvenient.

14 – From September 2017, you can now change money in banks – Before, the official bank rate was almost 100% lower than on the black market, so nobody wanted to exchange money in banks. This has changed and, finally, the official rate has gone up to its actual value. This means that you can now exchange money in banks, which can easily be found all over the cities. The best part is that some banks give you bigger notes, so there is no need to carry ten packs of cash.

15 – If banks are closed, you can still get money in the black market – However, I don’t recommend it, as they are the ones who always give you smaller notes and, when you count them, you always notice that there are one or two notes missing.

16 – It’s better to bring all your money in cash – When traveling in Uzbekistan, you can only pay by card in luxury hotels and fancy restaurants, especially in Tashkent. Outside of the capital, it may be a bit tricky. It is better to bring cash. 

17 – ATMs are not very reliable – Outside of Tashkent, ATMs may be short of cash or just don’t work, so don’t rely on that, even if you are in the capital.

18 – How much does it cost to travel in Uzbekistan – Traveling in Uzbekistan is not as cheap as in Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan but, still, it’s very affordable. Typically, budget accommodation would range from 8 to 12USD, whereas you can find mid-range hotels for up to 30 or 40USD. Meals cost around 5USD in touristic restaurants and 2-3USD in local eateries. Taxis within cities cost a maximum of 2USD and several-hour train journeys cost a maximum of 10 or 15USD.

19 – Most restaurants charge for service – Which ranges from 10 to 20%, depending on the restaurant.

Read: 80 Useful travel tips for traveling to Iran

So many notes! – Uzbekistan Travel Guide

 

Border crossing and other bureaucratic rules when traveling in Uzbekistan

20 – Uzbekistan shares a border with 5 countries – Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Afghanistan, Kazakhstan and Turkmenistan and most of them have multiple borders.

21 – Most borders are open to overland travelers – As long as you have the visa, you can enter or exit Uzbekistan from any country, but just bear in mind that some borders are only open to nationals, while others may close temporarily. However, all countries will have, at least, one or two entry points always open. For the latest updated information on border policy, check the Caravanistan website.

22 – They will go through all your stuff – Especially laptops, phones, and cameras.

23 – Don’t bring any sensitive material – By sensitive I mean porn or any politically sensitive photos, including Governmental buildings or military stuff. If you happen to have some, upload them to the cloud or hide them very well in your computer.

24 – However, at some border crossings, it’s not as bad as people say – I heard horror stories about Uzbek customs but, when I crossed from Tajikistan to the Fergana Valley, they just checked the photos of my DSLR camera and it seemed they were more looking at my pictures for fun than looking for sensitive photos, as the official was smiling and calling some of his colleagues to check them out.

25 – They are also looking for drugs – And especially anything containing codeine. They will definitely, go through all your meds and, apparently, even if you have prescription pills containing codeine, they won’t allow you to enter with them and you may get in real trouble. Check here the list of prohibited drugs in Uzbekistan

26 – You will have to declare all your money, both entering and exiting – When you enter, you need to fill in a form, stating how much are you traveling with. You are supposed to keep this form because, when you leave, they will compare it with how much money you have left. If you happen to have the same amount of money or more, they will assume that you worked there, so you might get into some problems. However, this rule may not apply in some borders because I left through Kazakhstan and they didn’t ask.

27 – Alcohol is allowed! – When I crossed the border, I had one bottle of Tajik wine, which they found and just put back in my bag!

Uzbekistan Guide
Uzbekistan Guide – A photo from when I was crossing to Kazakhstan by train

 

How to get to Uzbekistan

28 – Getting in by plane – Uzbekistan has the most expensive flights in all Central Asia and the reason is that the airport taxes are extremely high. Apparently, along with a more liberal visa regime, the Government is planning to reverse it in order to encourage more tourism.

29 – A cheaper alternative to travel to Uzbekistan – If you are on a budget and have enough time, you could fly to Almaty, Bishkek or Dushanbe and then enter Uzbekistan overland. From Europe, flights there are surprisingly cheap, especially to Bishkek. Personally, I started with a 2-month itinerary in Kyrgyzstan, traveled in Tajikistan through the Pamir Highway and the Wakhan Valley, and entered Uzbekistan through the Fergana Valley.

30 – If you are in Iran – If you are traveling in Iran, there are very cheap flights from Tehran to Aktau, a city in western Kazakhstan, very close to the Uzbek border.

31 – If you are in Azerbaijan – If you are traveling in Azerbaijan, you can even take a ferry to Aktau or fly there, which is much quicker and even cheaper.

Read: 75 Things you should know before traveling to Kyrgyzstan

Tourism in Uzbekistan
Tourism in Uzbekistan – Chor Minor, Bukhara

 

Visit Uzbekistan – The country, its people and their culture

32 – Uzbekistan is an ex-Soviet Republic – Which got its independence in 1991, after the USSR dissolution.

33 – Most people are Uzbeks – But, as in the whole Central Asia, you also find plenty of people from their neighboring countries, including Russians, Kyrgyz, Kazakhs, and Tajiks. People in Uzbekistan are so ethnically mixed but, whereas Kyrgyz and Kazakh people have stronger Mongolian features, and Tajiks and Turkmens more of a Persian look, I would say that Uzbeks are something in between.

34 – The official language is Uzbek – Which is a Turkic language, but most people also speak Russian as a second language.

35 – Learn some Russian – They use the Cyrillic alphabet and practically nobody speaks English, except in the touristic parts. Some basic words to get around will prove immensely useful.

36 – They are Sunni Muslims but not really – Officially, most people are Sunni Muslims, the Russian population (10%) being Christian Orthodox. However, like all ex-Soviet countries, religion is not a big deal and most people don’t really follow Islam. If I had to compare it to the rest of Central Asia, I would say that religion in Uzbekistan is practiced more than in Kyrgyzstan or Kazakhstan but less than in Tajikistan.

37 – No real dress code for women – Many Uzbek women are veiled but it’s mostly for cultural reasons, rather than religious. Except in some parts of the Fergana Valley, women can go as they please, within certain common-sense limitations, of course.

Uzbekistan tourism
Uzbekistan Travel Guide – Local women in Samarkand

 

38 – Is Islam partially forbidden? – The Fergana Valley in Uzbekistan is home to the most radical Islamic group in Central Asia, an organization which even operated in Afghanistan under the Taliban. The Uzbek Government has tried hard to eradicate this group and, from what I heard, it has put some limitations on the way people practice Islam. For example, during prayer time, you will never hear the mosque’s speakers. I was told that this is one of several governmental measures.

39 – It’s a dictatorship – The first President of Uzbekistan ruled from its independence, in 1991, to 2016, when he died. He ruled under an authoritarian regime and didn’t forge many good international relationships. The new President is trying to change this though, the growth of tourism being one of the many new policies.

40 – But people don’t really care about politics – Uzbeks told me that the only thing they care about is inflation and nobody is interested in politics. There is no freedom of speech and you can’t say anything bad about the president or any governmental organization. They are OK with it so, according to them, a revolution will not happen any time soon. 

41 – The cotton crisis – Uzbekistan’s main economical pillar is the cotton industry and you will see plenty of cotton fields all over the country. Being so dependant on cotton has led to several crises and problems, the most dramatic one being the destruction of the Aral Sea in Uzbekistan. In Nukus, I met the European Union delegate in Uzbekistan, who told me that, with the new President, they are strongly trying to diversify the economy. 

about uzbekistan
Traveling to Uzbekistan – Local people during sunrise in Khiva

 

Tourism in Uzbekistan – A Silk Road country

42 – Uzbekistan is the core of the Silk Road – Uzbekistan is synonymous with the Silk Road, a country which is home to the three most important Silk Road cities, Samarkand, Bukhara, and Khiva. Timeless mosques and historical buildings define a characteristic skyline in every city, Uzbekistan has been the main stopover for countless civilizations traveling east and west, while exchanging goods, ideas, and knowledge. Traveling in Uzbekistan and strolling downs its bazaars and old cities is like going back to the past. 

43 – The most majestic shrines and buildings I have ever seen – From the imposing Registan to the cute, old city of Khiva, Uzbekistan is the perfect destination for travelers interested in stunning Islamic architecture.

44 – Surprisingly touristic – Who would guess that the streets of the ancient Silk Road cities of Uzbekistan were filled with plenty of touristic shops, selling things from typical souvenirs to traditional local handicrafts, something unseen in Central Asia.

45 – Tourist profile – Whereas the most common tourist in Kyrgyzstan is a young backpacker, the main tourist in Uzbekistan is a 50-80-year old person who travels in a tour group. Actually, during high season, there are tens of groups all over the cities.

46 – However, outside of the three main cities, there is nobody – In places like Tashkent, Moynaq and the Aral Sea and the Fergana Valley, we barely saw any tourist and the local interactions were much more rewarding.

47 – Rip-offs – In the main touristic cities, it’s common to see locals trying to rip-off tourists. Just remember that Uzbekistan is very cheap so, if they try to sell you a taxi ride or a kilo of oranges at a similar to in southern Europe, just say no. I once saw one shopkeeper charging around 4USD to some tourists for just some fruits and, very foolishly, they paid. Outside of the touristic places, rip-offs are not common.

Uzbekistan Travel Information
So many souvenir shops! – Uzbekistan Travel Information

 

Food and alcohol when traveling in Uzbekistan

48 – Plov, plov, plov – Welcome to the world capital of plov, a Central Asian dish consisting of fried rice in lamb fat, meat and different vegetables. There are many kinds of plov and it varies by region. Uzbek people find it a real delicacy and they love it so much that, in the capital Tashkent, they even have a Central Asian Plov Center, a massive building serving only plov. After more than 5 months in Central Asia, I really hated plov.

49 – But typical Central Asian food is also available – Laghman (noodles soup), manti (dumplings), shashlik (kebab) are popular dishes which you can eat when traveling in Kyrgyzstan or Tajikistan.

50 – More good restaurant options than in neighboring countries – Since it’s more touristic, you also find a wider range of options, especially serving international cuisine. For me, that was really an edge, especially after traveling in Central Asia for such a long time.

Tashkent things to do
Uzbekistan Travel Guide – Central Asian Plov Center

 

51 – Alcohol is widely available – Vodka, beer and everything you want!

52 – And local wine, as well! – Uzbekistan is the largest wine producer in Central Asia and its wine is not that bad, actually!

53 – If you are a vegetarian, you are fucked – Well, not fucked but local cuisine mostly consists of meat and sometimes it’s even hard to find chicken. However, like I said, in the touristic places there are several options and, on most menus there are vegetarian options made ad-hoc for tourists. Additionally, your best bet will be the local markets, where you can find all sorts of vegetables, as well as Korean salads.

54 – Loads of fruit! – Most of the fruit is grown in the Fergana Valley, it’s absolutely delicious and there is a lot of variety. When I was there in October, it was grapes and melons season!

Travel in Uzbekistan
Travel in Uzbekistan – Samarkand local market

 

Accommodation

55 – Hostels and guest houses – There is a wide range of budget hostels and guest houses in most cities in Uzbekistan. Most of them are very good value and the perfect place to meet other travelers alike. On booking.com you can find plenty of different options.

56 – Hotels – There are also endless mid-range and luxury options in all main cities in Uzbekistan.

57 – You always pay a 2USD registration fee – At any hotel, you always pay an extra 2USD per night you stay. This is a bit annoying for budget backpackers, as 2USD can sometimes be almost 30% of a dorm-bed price.

58 – Since September 2017, you can now pay hotels in local currency – Previous to that, any hotel or guest house would only accept USD, which was pretty annoying.

59 – Keep your registration payslips – All hotels will give you a registration payslip which proves that you stayed there. You are likely to be asked for all your payslips when leaving the country. Basically, they are extremely paranoid and need a proof of your actual itinerary, which you will show once, when you are leaving the country. Typically, they just require a payslip for every other day or two days. This means that, if you are camping or stay at people’s places, you would need to stay in a hotel every two days, at least.

60 – Couchsurfing is supposedly illegal – However, you can find many profiles with reviews, so locals don’t really care about it.

Read: The ultimate guide to travel the Pamir Highway

Uzbekistan Travel
Uzbekistan Travel Blog – The imposing Registan

 

Transportation

61 – Trains are the way to travel in Uzbekistan – Most cities are connected by train, they run very regularly and are very comfortable.

62 – Rules for booking a train ticket – It’s recommended to book your train tickets in advance, especially for long distance trains. You can book them at the train station itself and always remember to bring your passport.

63 – There are different kinds of train – There is a regular, modern train and the high-speed one. They are built by a Spanish company, so they have many similarities to the AVE and other Spanish trains. Furthermore, there is the Russian train, which is the classic old one from the Soviet Union times.

64 – You must try the Soviet train at least once – Traveling long distance on a Russian train is an experience by itself. I took it from Samarkand, all the way west to Kazakhstan, on a 32-hour journey. You are most likely to be the only foreigner on board and everybody is super friendly with you.

65 – Shared taxis are also common and really cheap – Between cities, it’s common to travel in shared taxis, which cost even less than a train.

66 – Only in Tashkent, there is metro – The metro in Tashkent was inspired by the one in Moscow or Saint Petersburg and it’s a delightful masterpiece. For more information, read: Places to visit in Tashkent.

Somewhere in the Old City of Khiva

 

Books for traveling in Uzbekistan

67 – Uzbekistan travel guide by Bradt – The most complete guide to Uzbekistan. I am a heavy consumer of Bradt Guides, as they give more local insights and personal experience than any other book.

Click here to see the latest prices

 

68 – Central Asia travel guide by Lonely Planet If you are traveling to other countries in Central Asia, you may want to buy the generic guide in order to save some money.

Click here to see the latest prices

 

69 – Murder in Samarkand by Craig Murray – If you want to know about all the human rights abuse during the regime from the previous president, this is the best book.

Click here to see the latest prices

 

70 – English – Russian dictionary phrasebook – Extremely useful, as nobody speaks English.

Click here to see the latest prices

 

Internet & SIM Card

71 – The Internet is just OK – Internet is not as good as in Kyrgyzstan or Kazakhstan but it’s definitely better than Tajikistan. Most hotels will have decent Wi-Fi and 3G works perfectly well throughout the country.

72 – SIM Card – Get Beeline, with which, for a couple of USD, you will get plenty of data and calls.

 

More information for traveling to Uzbekistan

73 – More articles about Uzbekistan – These are all the articles I have written about Uzbekistan:

Backpacking in Uzbekistan: 1 to 3-week itinerary
A guide to the Fergana Valley
A guide to Moynaq and the Aral Sea in Uzbekistan
Places to visit in Tashkent
Tajikistan-Uzbekistan border crossing at Konibodom
Uzbekistan-Kazakhstan border crossing at Nukus
Getting a visa for Uzbekistan

74 – More articles about Central Asia – Check all my guides and articles about TajikistanKyrgyzstan, and Kazakhstan.

75 – You are traveling to a neighboring country – Check my guides to Iran or Azerbaijan.

 

This Uzbekistan Travel Guide contains is one of the most complete guides available on any travel blog. If you think that there is any relevant information missing, kindly let me know in the comments section 🙂

 

If you like my website and found this post useful, remember that, if you book a hotel, bus, flight or travel insurance through any of my links, I will get a small commission at no extra cost to you. 

 

traveling uzbekistan

 

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7 comments

  1. Alvaro Vasquez

    Excelente información, gracias por compartirla.Aunque mi viaje no sea centrado en trekking la información me ha servido muchísimo, sobre todo en cuanto a cruce de fronteras, distancias y donde vale la pena quedarse. Muchos saludos y buenos viajes!

  2. An excellent, detailed post. Thanks. I’d just like to contrast your vegetarianism comment with my own experience, though, and put others at ease: I was there in 2016 and ate some of the best food I’ve had internationally (the carrot and beetroot side dishes in Bukhara were to die for!) never once needing to resort to markets or special requests from a chef for a meal. We mostly ate in budget restaurants.

    Kyrgyzstan, however, was a different beast altogether in that regard.

    1. Thanks for the clarification! Good to know that, as a vegetarian, Uzbekistan is an easier choice. And yes, Kyrgyzstan is for sure more difficult. I remember meeting other travelers who, in the mountains of Kyrgyzstan, they were forced to eat meat (or food cooked with meat) because that was the only available choice besides bread & jam!

  3. Very well written and very informative! For sure I’ll read more of your various articles on Uzbekistan.
    I’ll travel to Uzbekistan in 3 days and am already quite excited. You asked for feedback on the e-visa application: It took me HOURS to apply! You have to upload your photo and a photo of the data page in your passport. It took me hours to upload these 2 photos. I managed to get my photo uploaded after numerous tries but didn’t know why. The passport photo was rejected again and again and…. What finally did the trick: I changed the ending of the file from …PNG to …png.
    After that I got the email with the confirmation and payment link within minutes. You have to pay with a credit card and they only accept a Visa Card which I don’t have. I asked around and found a friend with a Visa Card. It is no problem to pay with the Card of someone else. Nevertheless payment didn’t work, as I found out probably because it was after working hours in Uzbekistan. I tried again the next morning, was able to complete payment at first try and got the confirmation via email within minutes.
    I recieved the Visa the next day, quite speedy.

      1. It was! Thanks to advice I found on different websites I managed, without internet research it would have been impossible for me.
        I entered the country yesterday. Apparently it is no longer required to declare foreign currency (as long as you travel with less than 2000$, I think, or the equivalent).

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