Is Mauritania safe in 2021?

Mauritania safety tips

When I came back from West Africa, I decided to Google everything to do with Mauritania’s safety – after my trip, not before.

I know that it’s kind of unusual to look for safety tips once you are done with your trip but I just wanted to contrast my personal experience with other’s, and I was terribly disappointed by the large amount of BS I found, especially from the World Nomads site, whose article ranks #1 on Google for Mauritania’s security-related keywords.

World Nomads, and many others as well, brand Mauritania as an unsafe, actual war zone, a country ruled by bandits, with a high level of terrorism, kidnappings and crime, hence demonstrating they have no idea about Mauritania, and all they care about is for you to be afraid so that you purchase their travel insurance.

I spent 3 weeks backpacking in Mauritania and, while it’s true that some very remote areas may present some safety concerns, most of Mauritania is completely safe and suitable for independent travel and, from my experience, I can only say positive things.

I am aware that what I experienced doesn’t necessarily reflect the reality but this article is not only about my journey, but it’s a comprehensive analysis of the security situation that proves why I firmly believe that Mauritania is a safe destination to travel to.

Looking for tips? Here’s everything you need to know for traveling to Mauritania

is Mauritania safe

Is Mauritania safe to travel to? My personal experience

Before telling you about my trip to Mauritania, know that I backpacked all around on my own, without a guide. I traveled by local transportation across sand dunes, hitchhiked a few times, and also rode the Iron Ore Train.

In 3 weeks of independent travel in a country where moving around by public transportation can be slow, I believe I saw a fair amount of the country, including the off-the-beaten-track area of Tidjikja. I never experienced the smallest issue.

Mauritanians were always kind to me, helpful and hospitable, or merely curious in the worst-case scenario.

Besides the endless random street tea invitations, I also got invited to 3 different houses, twice for tea, once for lunch. On many occasions, to move from one Sahara town to another, you must arrange a local pick-up in advance and, throughout the journey, people I just bumped into on the streets were always kind enough to help me organize such a trip. Mauritania is, in fact, one of those countries where local interactions are one of the highlights, making you always feel safe.

I know that these are just words and that danger can come from anywhere but all travelers I have talked to have had similar experiences, plus you would be surprised to know that in Mauritania, you do see a lot of tourists – relatively speaking. In fact, popular places such as Ouadane or Chinguetti have significant tourism infrastructure, even though most tourists come from France, and the reason is that as a former French colony, Mauritania is heavily promoted in France.

In summary, Mauritania is a safe destination to travel to. Keep reading to know why.

Read: Mauritania ultimate backpacking itinerary

A friendly camel owner

Is Mauritania dangerous? The situation nowadays

Why does Mauritania have the reputation of being a dangerous country?

1 – Because it belongs to the Sahel

Even myself, a couple of years ago, when I had absolutely no idea about what was going on in the country, I also thought Mauritania was dangerous to visit and the reason is that it is part of the Sahel, a massive geographical region that stretches from west to east Africa, from Mauritania to Eritrea and many countries in between.

Today, the Sahel is perhaps, the most troubled region in the world, and the most dangerous as well, especially in Mali, Burkina Faso, Chad, Niger, Nigeria and, unfortunately, Mauritania. It’s a region in which the different governments have very little control, and where foreign armies are fighting against Islamic rebel groups.

Read my Mali travel guide

Nevertheless, the Sahel is huge and all this trouble is concentrated in a specific area, which is as big as Europe anyways but, in Mauritania, the only region which is indirectly related to this fight is some sections of the border with Mali, which are too remote to visit anyways, hundreds and hundreds of kilometers away from any tourist site, and separated by a huge desert with practically no roads.

The rest of Mauritania is a safe area somehow unattached to that conflict.

why is mauritania so dangerous
Mauritania tends to be pretty chilled

2 – Because of a terrorist attack that put an end to the Dakar Rally back in 2007

Many years ago, in 2007, a group of Islamic extremists killed four French tourists who were having a picnic in Aleg, 250km east of Nouakchott.

The problem was that this unfortunate, yet isolated, incident was the reason the 2008 Dakar Rally was canceled, and it’s been suspended ever since.

Furthermore, it put an end to the already small Mauritanian tourism industry, which hasn’t picked up since then.

After that terrible event, two more attacks perpetrated by extremists have taken place in Mauritania, the last one being in 2009:

Since then, no more incidents have been reported.

However, it’s important to highlight that the main reason why Mauritania has kept safe is that their army and on-the-ground-intelligence are excellent and throughout the country there are countless and countless checkpoints that have never allowed terrorists to roam around freely.

Dangerous or sensitive areas visit in Mauritania

FCDO Mauritania travel advice

The FCDO doesn’t really recommend traveling to Mauritania, but that was expected.

They claim that traveling to Nouakchott, Nouadibou and Atar can be done but they discourage people from going anywhere beyond that, which is where the most interesting touristic sites are.

This is just a personal opinion, but I would never make travel decisions based on what the FCDO – or any Ministry of Foreign Affairs – says.

Mauritania travel advisory, according to the FCDO

Dangerous areas in Mauritania which should be avoided

Nevertheless, regardless of the FCDO advice, these are the areas I recommend you don’t go to:

Border with Mali

It is known that terrorists and people you would not want to bump into have successfully crossed the border from Mali, especially in the northern part. Nonetheless, as I said, that area is too remote to go, you probably can’t even reach it, since the army would likely block your way and send you back, in the best-case scenario.

Read my Mali safety guide

Border with Algeria

Same as the Mali border but nobody knows exactly what is actually going on there. Some Mauritanians claim it’s a training area for the army, while others say there’s some fighting there, and a few told me it was perfectly safe. In any case, it’s a far-away area that should be avoided.

Is Oualata safe?

Oualata, or Walata, is a real off-the-beaten-track oasis village located deep in the Sahara, famous for its traditional, colorful houses.

It has one issue, however, which is that it’s close to the Malian border and, according to the local authorities, it’s not safe to travel there but, according to travelers, the only issue is that, once you reach Néma – the village where you find direct transportation to Walata – you must remain at the police station while you wait for the local pick-up to depart. Traveling from Nouakchott to Walata takes nearly 24 hours.

Is the Mauritania-Western Sahara border safe?

The orange part of the map is the uncontrolled part – source

As you know, Western Sahara is a disputed territory, a large part of which isn’t controlled by anyone, infamous for being a far-flung territory full of bandits, or that’s what many people claim at least.

I honestly don’t know what the potential dangers of getting close to that region are but in any case, if you are riding the Iron Ore Train, know that part of the train journey goes within it and that Choum and Zouérat are actual borders towns.

I didn’t see anything unusual when I was there, however.

The Iron Ore train journey goes within Western Sahara territory

Safety tips for traveling to Mauritania

Crime is practically non-existent but in Nouakchott, be careful of your belongings

Especially at the Port du Pêche (fishing port) in Nouakchott, a popular place for visitors where, allegedly, pickpockets are continuously operating, and I think it’s true because upon my visit, several locals warned me not to leave my stuff unattended and to watch out for my pockets.

I actually wanted to get in the water to take photos of the fishing boats from closer, so I left my shoes on the sand, only to find out later that they had disappeared, but it turned out that some local ladies had put them away to protect them from potential thieves.

Apart from the Port du Pêche, Nouakchott and the rest of the country are practically free of crime, similar to many countries in the Middle East.

is Nouakchott safe
The Port du Pêche in Nouakchott gets busy, and pickpockets abound

Bring 30 or more copies of both your passport & visa

As I said before, the army presence is one of the reasons why Mauritania has kept safe.

Across your journey, you will go through tens of checkpoints where you will have to register, for your own sake and security. They will ask for a copy of your passport and visa – they call it fiche – and I recommend having both them printed out in one single page, along with your local phone number, if you have one.

If you don’t have a copy, they will make you get out the car or bus and write down all the information, wasting your time and other’s, so bring 30 copies or more.

Get proper travel insurance! – with COVID-19 coverage

You should always go with travel insurance, not only because Mauritania is an adventurous destination but also because we are in a global pandemic.

For that, I strongly recommend SafetyWing, since it not only covers all the travel-related stuff but also provides full COVID-19 coverage.

  • Medical expenses if you get sick
  • Free testing if prescribed by a doctor
  • Repatriation
  • And more

If driving, do know the road condition

Some roads which may seem fine on Google Maps might be covered in sand, making them completely impassable for any car which isn’t a 4×4.

For example, the nearly 500km road that connects Tidjikja with Terjit was practically swallowed by sand dunes, and you needed not only a 4×4 but also good driving experience.

Is driving in Mauritania safe
The road connecting Tidjikja with Terjit

Only experienced drivers should attempt driving in the Mauritanian desert

Anywhere in Mauritania is remote, but the desert is even more so.

If you are planning to get deep into the Sahara with your own vehicle be aware that, if you get stuck in the sand, you will be completely on your own.

Consider traveling with a local guide

If, after reading my post, you are still skeptical about safety in Mauritania, you can hire a local guide, no problem; many travelers do it because a lot of places in Mauritania do require one.

In fact, I am not really a driver, so if I ever go back there, I would like to hire one to explore the depths of the Mauritanian Sahara.

Is it safe to travel in Mauritania as a solo female traveler?

Solo women travelers should be aware that Mauritania is a very conservative Muslim country composed of a highly patriarchal society, hence your experience will definitely be different from a man’s.

If you are a solo woman who has backpacked in Mauritania all by herself, and would like to share your experience, kindly email me at joan(at)

Otherwise, based on female experiences in other countries, here are a few observations:

  • Do expect some occasional harassment, but no more than popular destinations, such as Jordan
  • If you have never traveled alone in a Muslim country, it is better to first do it in more touristic countries such as Morocco or Egypt
  • Traveling in Mauritania as a solo female should not be very different from traveling in Pakistan, for example. Here you can check a useful Pakistan travel guide for female travelers.

Conclusion: how safe is Mauritania?

All I can say is that don’t trust what media and governments say but you should also listen to the local people, travelers and see Mauritania with your own eyes.

During my trip, I met several European expats who affirmed that Mauritania was actually safer than their home countries. They say Nouakchott can be very boring but they appreciate living in such a level of peace and freedom, even those who have kids.

Mauritania is one of the safest countries to travel in West Africa, and you will have a blast.

More information for traveling in Mauritania safely

Remember that for all the places to visit & things to do, you must check my Mauritania 2-week itinerary

And for more generic tips check this guide.

If you want to ride the Iron Ore train, here you can read about my experience + all tips

Going to Mali? Check my complete Mali travel guide

and my 1-week itinerary for Mali

And don’t forget to get SafetyWing travel insurance with COVID-19 coverage. CLICK HERE TO GET YOUR QUOTE

is it safe to travel to mauritania

Disclosure: As a traveler, I use all the companies I recommend and you should know that, if you buy any service through any of these links, I get a small commission at no extra cost to you. 

Start planning and booking your trip

For booking accommodation

Use for hotels and guesthouses

Check on Hostelworld for for backpacker hostels

For travel insurance (with COVID-19 coverage), I recommend:

1 – IATI Insurance (5% discount) – Cheapest travel insurance and for travelers above 70

2 – True Traveller – Best backpacking insurance (only Europeans)


For all your travel gear

Trekking equipment, books, etc, check on Amazon

If you want to know all the companies I use to plan my trips, check my travel resources page


  1. Thanks for all this info, Joan.

    You’re quite right , the “official” view is quite opposite to your experience. There was a time when the Lonely Planet Thorn Tree was seriously useful in respect of actual travellers’ experience, but under the (yet another) new LP owner, this seems to be a bit too real to allow to continue.
    Did you experience any respiratory reaction to 18 hours on the iron ore?

    1. Hi Geoff, thanks for your comment!
      What did exactly change with the new owner? I am not aware of this 🙂
      About the train ride, I was wearing 2 sanitizer masks plus the turban, so I was perfectly fine.

  2. Lonely Planet ownership has moved around a bit in recent decades. From Tony and Maureen Wheeler (the founders, in the 1970’s) to partial ownership by the BBC (early 2000’s) to full ownership by a Tennessee conglomerate outfit (whose name I have forgotten) around 2010, to, oddly, another Tennessee conglomerate outfit called Red Ventures “RV” during 2020. RV seem to be management modernisers, but I’m not sure they know much more about publishing than any of the previous owners.

    I’ll stock up on masks as well as passport copies now!!!!

  3. Thank you very much for this. As an enthusiastic traveller who travels quite a lot (well, except for the last year; but hopefully good travelling times are to return soon) and likes some of the more unbeaten tracks and not very popular destinations, I got interested in Mauritania a few years ago. Then I read is some popular known tourism sites of how dangerous and unsafe it is, like even in Nouakchott you have high chances to be robbed, kidnapped, or even worse, and thought I’d rather give up Mauritania. It was very good and inspiring for me to read what you put here, and now I do consider again to experience and explore this country. Thanks again. Keep up the good stuff!

Leave a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *